In 1992, the United States reached out to the Newly Independent States of the former Soviet Union in the form of FLEX. The program provides scholarships for high school students from Europe and Eurasia to spend one academic year in the United States. In recent years, the program has expanded to include countries in the Balkans and both central and eastern Europe, in addition to Mongolia. FLEX is sponsored by the U.S. Department of State (USDOS) with funding provided by the U.S. Government and is administered by PAX.